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कृण्वन्तो विश्वमार्यम्

Thus spoke Swami Vivekananda Parivrajak

Thus spoke Swami Vivekananda Parivrajak in Bharuch delivering lectures on Vedic Science of Devotion:

On 27 and 28 December 2010 Arya Samaj – Bharuch (Gujarat) organized two discourses of Swami Vivekananda Parivrajak, one of the most famous disciples of Swami Satyapati Parivrajak and a scholar and exponent of Vedic philosophy, on Vedic Science of Devotion. Swami Vivekananda in the said discourses explained to his inquisitive audience the nature of God, Vedic way of God-realization, meditation or yoga and also gave certain practical hints to meditate with japa (repetition of God’s name or mantra with deep sense of its meaning) of famous Gayatri mantra and other names of God. He advised his listeners to make some preparation before they initiate meditation in order to get excellent results. He told that one should sit in a proper posture in a secluded place and close the eyes and should first think or imagine that the unfathomable darkness pervades every where in the infinite space. Such imagination enables one to keep mind away from the thoughts of worldly objects and facilitates concentration to meditate upon God. He told that in Vedas simple and easy method has been prescribed for glorification, prayer and contemplation of God. He also gave solutions to various questions and queries raised by the aspirants of true nature of religion and spirituality.

Swami Vivekananda said in his typical and logical style that there exists pleasure in the worldly objects too and no one can deny that, but the worldly pleasure is mixed up with so many sorrows and pains. Consequently those material things can never perfectly satisfy the man. On the other hand one can have pure and unadulterated joy or pleasure or bliss from the Divine. It is not mixed with any kind of pain. Hence a wise man should not go behind the world and its material objects to be happy in the real sense. Instead only God and His Divine presence is the real source of lasting happiness and salvation is also attained if one has been enough sincere and devoted to that ultimate goal of human life.
Swami further said that an sane and intelligent person should be conscious of the real nature of God, Individual Soul and matter (Prakriti). These three are the basic fundamental entities and each of them has its own characteristics and attributes. For total liberation from the worldly pains and sorrows one should perform acts which are nishkaam i.e. selfless or aimed at God-realization only, instead of sakaam karmas done to get some worldly rewards. In the state of emancipation the deserving soul remains totally free from the pains and enjoys bliss of Omnipresent God. He becomes capable to roam in the entire cosmos without any restriction. Yes, he would not be capable or allowed to help or disturb any body in the world. That is why salvation is the highest purpose of human life. The true welfare lies in attaining the salvation. So the wise and prudent person could not have any aim or objective of life other than the attainment of emancipation or moksha.

Revered Swami in his discourses added that the worship of God according to the Vedas is most rewarding and fruitful. The Vedas say that God is one, not many. He is ubiquitous, present everywhere. So He is formless, without any body or shape. Nor does He ever hold any limited space. God is justice-personified i.e. Nyaayakaari. He never does injustice. He administers justice to all our deeds. We must be punished for the sinful deeds we do. So we must always be alert and careful while performing our actions. We should try to enjoy bliss of all-pervading God. It is available everywhere. We should surrender to Him and pray regularly twice in a day – in morning and evening - at least for 15-20 minutes each time. Contemplation or meditation should be practiced regularly. Then only spiritual development is possible, otherwise not. God's true nature has been described in the Vedas. We should practice to learn the Vedas properly. And in our day-to-day life moral values like truth, non-violence, self-restraint, etc. should be strictly observed. Then only we may be able to meditate upon God. True success in life is achieved only when these two tasks (i) pure and disciplined routine worldly life and (ii) regular practice of meditation are sincerely practiced.

Swami in his discourses also said that knowledge or vidya is the ultimate pilgrimage – tiirtha. Through which we overcome the sorrows and pains are the real pilgrimage. With the help of knowledge or vidya we become capable to remove our sorrows. With the help of knowledge, we can free ourselves from sorrows and troubles. But our knowledge should not be mere verbal. It must be realized or practical wisdom. Vidya means real knowledge or practiced philosophy. To know a thing as it is constitutes the true knowledge or vidya. Pure and correct knowledge leads one towards correct actions and correct method of God-realization; and if knowledge is mistaken then both - the actions and worship would also be polluted. The bath in the water of so-called places of pilgrimage like rivers and ponds etc may or may not be helpful in purifying the body, but that water doesn’t have any potential to wash off someone’s committed sins. So to believe that the bath at such pilgrimages enables us to make ourselves free from the punishment of our bad deeds is nothing but ignorance. We shall be surely punished for the sinful deeds done by us. God is perfectly just and He gives punishment for each indecent actions performed by us. His system of justice is infallible. With the help of study of the Vedas, the association with the scholars of Vedas, and contemplation, self-study etc one can attain true knowledge.

Swami in his discourse condemned fraud of foretelling and other astrological things like palmistry and horoscope, etc. He also earnestly appealed his audience to reject all false beliefs and credulities widespread nowadays in the field of religion and spirituality. He said that the chief name of God is ‘Aum’. He demonstrated the way of meditative japa (repetitive pronouncement) based on the short sentences like 'Aum Anandah’ (means God! You are bliss-personified; make me happy) and 'Aum Nyaayakaari' (means God! You are justice-personified; make me capable to practice justice in my life), etc.

On Tuesday Swami gave an inspiring lecture to the students and teachers of a famous school here on development of mind and intelligence and gave satisfying answers to the questions raised by students and teachers on various topics. During these lectures the local Arya Samaj distributed various books and booklets for the propagations of Vedic concepts.

(Note – The above summary of some of the thoughts expressed by Swami in his lectures is based on my memory. I have tried to the best of my ability to summarize the valuable thoughts here. If any thing is found inappropriate in this I should be held accountable for the same. – Bhavesh Merja)

= Bhavesh Merja