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कृण्वन्तो विश्वमार्यम्

Dr Harish Chandra's article in Vedoday2050 June 2011

Volume III, Number 5, June 2011

Upasana for Holistic Happiness

Last month we began to perform Sandhya in a simplified and yet absorbing manner, the act of Upasana, and hence called Sandhyo-Pasana. Recitation of the Gayatri mantra is the means and not the end. Actual Sandhya is the moments when we are disconnected from the world, and in particular, the mind is blank. This is what is called meditation and Patanjali presents an excellent exposition thereof in his treatise called Yoga. Nothing else is Yoga. Truly speaking, the meaning of the word ‘Yoga’ is union – union of which two entities? Of course, it is between my tiny spirit and the Infinite Spirit of God.

These terms are synonyms:

Upasana – to be with God

Dhyana – to bring the mind to a blank state, meditation

Sandhya – well performed meditation (Sam + Dhyana)

Yoga – union of tiny spirit and the Infinite Spirit of God

Though there are subtle differences in their meaning yet we use them interchangeably. I must first disconnect from the world – be in meditation, called Dhyana. If it happened properly (that means well performed meditation, called Sandhya) then I will be in union with God – Yoga. During these moments I will be in the lap of God – Upasana. As can be seen, the starting point is meditation – the ability to bring mind to a blank state void of anything that has a link with the world whatsoever.

We had also noted that this is the singular act that we humans can perform and no other sentient being is capable of performing. This is the only way we can experience true pleasure, called Ananda. God is an infinite reservoir of ananda, and hence, called Sachchidananda – sat (real) + chit (conscious) + ananda (absolute pleasure, bliss). Indeed, we are different from all other species that we have an inner craving, a sense of vacuum and that reflects in the fact that we always wish to upgrade our state of happiness whereas an animal or bird is contented if certain objects of pleasure are in their easy reach. Our intent of this nature is reflected in two terms:

1. Abhishtaye – the worldly desires

2. Pitaye – the inner sense of absolute pleasure

This month we add another mantra just before the Gayatri mantra. This is called Achamana mantra, for sipping of water:

Om sanno devirabhistaye apo bhavantu pitaye. Samyorabhisravantu nah – YajurVeda (36.12).

Meaning: It is only She, the Infinite Spirit (Apah) that can quench our thirsts of all types. Moreover, we can experience bliss unabatedly, being under the shower of Hers.

From now on, the procedure of meditation will be as follows:

1. Sit cross-legged in Siddhasana, Padmasana or Sukhasana or in any cross-legged manner that should be comfortable and unwavering.

2. Recite the Achamana mantra and take water into the right palm and drinking a sip of water. Take two more sips though the mantra is recited only once.

3. Regulate breathing cycles – breathe out deeply followed by deep breathe in – for about 3-4 minutes.

4. Recite the Gayatri mantra a few times, about 3-5 times. Refer to the article of May 2011 for its meaning and the method of recitation.

5. Attempt to be with God and that means to disconnect from the world, as was explained last month.

6. Once in the state of meditation, recite the sound of Om (slightly longish ‘O’ as in Oh!) whenever a thought wave strikes or enters into the mind domain.

- Harish Chandra

B. Tech. (IIT Kanpur)

Ph. D. (Princeton, USA)

Namastey Adarniy

Namastey Adarniy AnandBakshiji,
thanks for great article , we got lots of knowledge from it.
its great upasana & absolute pleasure to be with parmeshwar through achmana & gayatri mantra & recitation of OM.
hame aisa gyan uplabdh karate rahiye.