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कृण्वन्तो विश्वमार्यम्

गौवंश रक्षा/आर्थिक समृद्धि

गोवंश की रक्षा से आर्थिक-समृद्धि

भारतवर्ष में आदि सृष्टि से ही गाय को माता की तरह पूज्य माना गया है। यदि यह कहा जाये कि गाय भारत की कामधेनू है तो अतिशयोक्ति नहीं है। उसका हमारे लिए केवल धार्मिक महत्व ही नहीं, प्रत्युत आर्थिक महत्व सर्वाधिक है। यथार्थ में गाय की आर्थिक उपयोगिता के कारण ही गाय को "कामधेनु' कहा गया है। हमारा देश एक कृषि प्रधान देश है। यहॉं 80 प्रतिशत जनता ग्रामीण अंचल में रहकर कृषि पर आश्रित है और कृषि का कार्य गाय के बछड़ों, गोबर आदि के बिना कदापि सम्भव नहीं है। महर्षि दयानन्द जो इस युग के महान्‌ सुधारक थे, उन्होने ठीक ही लिखा है- ""गौ आदि पशुओं के नाश से राजा प्रजा दोनो का नाश होता है।''

महर्षि दयानन्द ने गाय आदि पशुओं का महत्व बहुत ही दूरदर्शिता से समझाया। उनके जीवन की अन्तिम इच्छा यही थी कि भारत में गोवंश का रक्षण होना चाहिए। उसके लिए उन्होंने अनेक प्रयास किए- जैसे गोरक्षा के महत्व समझाने के लिए "गोकरुणानिधि' पुस्तक लिखी, तत्कालीन प्रशासक लार्ड ब्रुक आदि को गोरक्षा का महत्व समझाया तथा भारत की इस हार्दिक भावना को महारानी विक्टोरिया को पहुँचाने के लिए लाखों हस्ताक्षर कराने का अभियान चलाया और भारतीय राजाओं को इस महत्वपूर्ण कार्य के लिए प्रेरित किया। परन्तु विधि की विडम्बना ही कहनी चाहिए कि उनकी जीवन-लीला के शीघ्र समाप्त हो जाने के कारण से यह कार्य पूर्ण न हो सका। गोवंश के आर्थिक महत्व को समझाते हुए महर्षि लिखते हैं ""जो एक गाय न्यून से न्यून दो सेर दूध देती हो और दूसरी बीस सेर तो प्रत्येक गाय के ग्यारह सेर दूध होने में कुछ भी शंका नहीं है। इस हिसाब से एक मास में सवा आठ मन दूध होता है। एक गाय कम से कम 6 महीने और दूसरी अधिक से अधिक 18 महीने तक दूध देती है तो दोनों का मध्यभाग प्रत्येक गाय के दूध देने में बारह महीने होते हैं। इस हिसाब से बारह महीनों का दूध निन्नानवे मन होता है। इतने दूध को औटाकर प्रति सेर में छटांक चावल और डेढ़ छटांक चीनी डालकर खीर बनाकर खावें तो प्रत्येक पुरुष के लिए दो सेर दूध की खीर पुष्कल (पर्याप्त) होती है। क्योंकि यह भी एक मध्य भाग की गिनती है अर्थात्‌ कोई दो सेर दूध की खीर से अधिक खा गया और कोई न्यून, इस हिसाब से एक प्रसूता गाय के दूध से 1980 (एक हजार नौ सौ अस्सी) मनुष्य एक बार तृप्त होते हैं। गाय न्यून से न्यून 8 और अधिक से अधिक 18 बार बच्चे जनती है। इसका मध्यभाग तेरह बार आया तो 25740 (पच्चीस हजार सात सौ चालीस) मनुष्य एक गाय के जन्मभर के दूधमात्र से एक बार तृप्त हो सकते हैं।

इस गाय के एक पीढ़ी में छः बछिया और सात बछड़े हुए। इनमें से एक की मृत्यु रोगादि से होना सम्भव है तो भी बारह रहे। उन छः बछियाओं के दूधमात्र से पूर्व उक्त प्रकार से 154440 (एक लाख चौवन हजार चार सौ चालीस) मनुष्यों का पालन हो सकता है। अब रहे छः बैल, उनमें एक जोड़ी से दोनों साख में 200 (दो सौ) मन अन्न उत्पन्न हो सकता है। इस प्रकार तीन जोड़ी 600 (छः सौ) मन अन्न उत्पन्न कर सकती हैं, और उनके कार्य का मध्यभाग आठ वर्ष है। इस हिसाब से 4800 (चार हजार आठ सौ) मन अन्न उत्पन्न करने की शक्ति एक जन्म में तीनों जोड़ी की है। 4800 मन अन्न से प्रत्येक मनुष्य का तीन पाव अन्न भोजन में गिनें तो 256000 (दो लाख छप्पन हजार) मनुष्यों का एक बार भोजन होता है। दूध और अन्न को मिलाकर देखने से निश्चय है कि 410440 (चार लाख दस हजार चार सौ चालीस) मनुष्यों का पालन एक बार के भोजन से होता है। अब छः गायों की पीढ़ी दर पीढ़ियों का हिसाब लगाकर देखा जावे तो अंसख्य मनुष्यों का पालन हो सकता है। और इसके मांस से अनुमान है कि केवल अस्सी मांसाहारी मनुष्य एक बार तृप्त हो सकते हैं। देखो! तुच्छ लाभ के लिए लाखों प्राणियों को मार असंख्य मनुष्यों की हानि करना महापाप क्यों नहीं।'' (गोकरुणानिधि से)

महात्मा गांधी ने भी गाय का आर्थिक विश्लेषण करते हुए कहा था-
(क) ""आज तो गाय मृत्यु के किनारे खड़ी है और मुझे यकीन नहीं कि अन्त में हमारे प्रयत्न उसे बचा सकेंगे। लेकिन वह नष्ट हो गई तो उसके साथ ही हम भी यानी हमारी सभ्यता भी नष्ट हो जायेगी।''
ख) ""हमारे ऋषि मुनियों ने हमें उपाय बता दिया है। वे कहते हैं कि गाय की रक्षा करो, सबकी रक्षा हो जायेगी। ऋषि ज्ञान की कुंजी खोल गये हैं, उसे हमें बढ़ाना चाहिए, बर्बाद नहीं करना चाहिए।'' (सित. 86 के "गोधन' से साभार)

लार्ड लिनलिथगो (वायसराय) ने कहा था- ""भारत में गाय अपनी पीठ पर सम्पूर्ण आर्थिक ढांचे का भार सम्भाले हुए है।''

प्रसिद्ध वैज्ञानिक डॉ. एलबर्ट आईन्स्टीन ने एक सन्देश में कहा था- ""भारत ट्रेक्टर, उर्वरक, आदि का इस्तेमाल खेती के लिए न करे। भारत को अपनी खेती का आधार गाय और बैल को ही रखना चाहिए।''
अमरीका के पूर्व राष्ट्रपति कार्टर के शब्द हैं- ""गोबर गैस ऊर्जा का अक्षय स्त्रोत है।''

प्रसिद्ध वैज्ञानिक (अमेरिका) डोनाल्ड क्लांस का प्रधानमन्त्री राजीव गांधी को सुझाव- ""भारत अपने पशुधन की रक्षा करे तो उससे 2.28 करोड़ बैरल पैट्रोलियम जितनी ऊर्जा प्राप्त होगी।''

गाय दूध देने वाली "डेरी' है। खाद देती है इसलिए "फर्टीलाईजर' प्लांट है। बैल के रूप में "ट्रेक्टर' है और माल ले जाने के लिए "ट्रक' है। मनुष्य की ये सारी आवश्यकताएं वह घास खाकर पूर्ण करती है, यह उसकी सबसे बड़ी विशेषता है। गाय और बैल खुद घास और भूसा खाकर मनुष्य को दूध, अन्न, ऊर्जा देते हैं।

राष्ट्रीय आय में गोपालन का मुख्य स्थान है। हमारे देश में पशु ऊर्जा से पैदा होने वाली विद्युत ऊर्जा अन्य स्रोतों से पैदा होने वाली विद्युत ऊर्जा से कई गुणा ज्यादा है। पशु ऊर्जा के लिये पूंजी जुटाने की कोई समस्या सरकार के सामने नहीं है। गोधन के प्रति उपेक्षा तथा लापरवाही के बावजूद राष्ट्रीय आय में उसका योगदान अन्य विशाल तथा मध्यकाय उद्योगों से कम नहीं है।

गोपालन से आर्थिक समृद्धि होती है। आज के भौतिक युग में प्रत्येक व्यक्ति का दृष्टिकोण आर्थिक लाभ रहता है। गोवध करने वाले भी लाइसेंस लेकर बड़े-बड़े बूचड़खाने खोलते हैं, चोरी छिपे गायों, बैलों, बछड़ों व बछड़ियों को मारकर उनके मांस, चमड़ा आदि को बेचकर अथवा निर्यात कर धनार्जन करते हैं। किन्तु वे इस महापाप कर्म को छोड़कर गोपालन जैसे पुण्यात्मक कर्म को करने लगें तो उन्हें घाटे का सौदा नहीं रहेगा।

परमेश्वर ने गाय को बहुत ही उपयोगी तथा आर्थिक समृद्धि करने के लिए बनाया है। महाराजा दिलीप, नन्द बाबा, योगेश्वर श्रीकृष्ण आदि महान्‌ पुरुषों के उत्तम चरित्र इतिहास में सर्वविदित हैं। वेदों में गायों को "अमृतस्य नाभिः' कहा है। भारतीय संस्कृति में गाय को "कामधेनु' नाम दिया गया है। गाय को सर्वविध उन्नति देने के कारण ही भारतवासी "माता' कहकर पुकारते हैं। किन्तु आवश्यकता इस बात की है कि वर्तमान युग में गाय को कैसे कामधेनु बनाया जाये। विदेशी शासकों की दुरभिसन्धि के कारण भारतीय गायों की नस्ल को बिगाड़ने से गायों की शोचनीय दशा हो गई है। समस्त गोभक्तों को ऐसे उपायों व साधनों की खोज करनी चाहिए कि जिससे गायें 40-50 किलो दूध देने लगे और गायों के प्रति पूर्ववत्‌ श्रद्धा जागृत हो सके।

गायों को समृद्धिप्रद बनाने के लिए हमें दूसरे विदेशों से भी शिक्षा लेनी चाहिए। अमेरिका, कनाड़ा, डेनमार्क, जर्मनी, फ्रांस, इंग्लैण्ड आदि देशों में भैंसों का नाम भी नहीं है। गायों के पालन व संवर्धन से ही ये देश न केवल अपने देश को ही समृद्ध बना रहे हैं, प्रत्युत विदेशों को भी निर्यात कर विदेशी मुद्रा कमा रहे हैं। भारत देश में (प्राचीन युग में) दूध-घी की नदियां बहती थी, हम भी अपने देश को फिर से समृद्ध बना सकते हैं। दूध, दही, घी इत्यादि पदार्थों के प्रचुर मात्रा में मिलने से हमारे देश के बालक व युवा बलवान, बुद्धिमान, आयुष्मान्‌ तथा स्वस्थ रहेंगे और हमारी अभिशाप बनी गरीबी समूल नष्ट हो सकेगी।l

प्रेषक:

राजेन्द्र आर्य‌

'Onions, cow dung reduce

'Onions, cow dung reduce radiation impact'
[Ancient Indian technologies. It took 5000-years for modern science to know this fact]

ALLAHABAD: The threat of nulcear radiation in Japan has raised widespread concerns across the world. India too, which has many nuclear plants, needs to be worried, specially for its population living near the nuke plants.

TOI spoke to associate professor in physics department, KN Uttam, about the nuclear radiation and ways to prevent it. He said some traditional Indian practices can help in minimising the effects of Gamma rays, the most harmful rays emitted in nuclear radiation.

"Traditional methods like keeping onions in pockets and applying a layer of Cow Dung on the outside walls of houses absorb the harmful gamma rays," Uttam said. "Cow dung, in fact, can absorb all the three rays -- alpha, beta and gamma. Among these, alpha rays cannot penetrate the layers of cloths whereas beta falls after hitting the same but the Gamma rays penetrate the body tissue and is the most harmful," he added. If the outer walls of houses are coated with thick layers of cow dung, it will absorb the gamma rays and in turn people would be safe, said Uttam who has worked in the ministry of science and technology and MHRD.

Similarly, research has shown that onions too absorb the Gamma rays. Besides, Indian practices based on herbal methods, including applying gram flour (besan) and mustard oil on the human skin, too minimise the effects of radiation, Uttam said.

"The leafy vegetables like spinach, basil, fenugreek leaves (methi ka saag), mustard leaves (sarson ka saag) etc., too have radiation but it's negligible and hence not harmful," he said.

These leafs have Sodium 23 and 24 along with Potassium which is infact essential for body growth. These isotopes has a short life as Potassium 42 half life time is 12 hours (after which the quantity of the same comes to half) whereas that of Sodium 22 is 2.5 years. Similarly, there are different Beta emitters like Sodium 22 and 24 Potassium 45, Iron 59 but are non-hazardous. There are many naturally occurring isotopes which are non-hazardous as they do not cross the natural limit, said Uttam.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/7801752.cms?prtpage=1

Thanks & Regards,

Sudhir Srinivasan
B.Arch, MSc.CPM, Dip.ID, Dip.CAD, Dip.PM
| Architect |

Gausewa concept note for

Gausewa concept note for Uttarakhand

House hold family Cow is accepted to be the best change agent for poverty alleviation by experts at United Nations , and this concept is in complete agreement with our Indian traditions. Nutrition improvement for the family and Organic agriculture, which follows from rural cow wealth, adds to the health and prosperity of the society. Love and reverence with which Cow is looked up to, is a great tradition of Uttaranchal society.

Decline of Family Cow tradition:

Declining Pasture availability makes it very difficult for the rural subsistence farming to take care of heifers and dry cows. Under fed cows result in very poor health and productivity of household cows. It is possible by innovative technological interventions, to provide alternative locally available and affordable cattle feed strategies.

Cow care resource Centers
A sustainable stand alone community -public private partnership model for Rural Dry Cow Care Center is proposed here to address these problems.

Main Activities of the cow Care centers:

1. Care of Dry Cows and Heifers of the area.
2. Pre partum and post partum services for the local cows.
3. Implementation of cost effective locally grown Green Forage feed strategies by
modern innovative technological interventions.
4. Provide good breeding facilities for the community cattle.
5. Demonstrate and train local women and youth in modern veterinary care.
6. Provide Crèche/ Nursery school with Milk breakfast/midday meal facility for
their accompanying children.
7. Provide women with adult literacy and mother child nutrition care, by
integrating Angan Wari schemes with the resource center.
8. Day care center for neighborhood cows.

These centers can each have local community area specific, multiple roles. Local women and youth can bring their own as well as their neighbor's cows to the day care center. These centers can also provide a crèche and nursery school to facilitate the day stay of young mothers.
Rural ladies will not have to eke out their life by arduous back breaking work of surreptitiously visiting forest lands to rummage for fodder and fire wood. Ladies can be given training in better cow care and mother child nutrition and literacy help also while they devote time in helping to run these centers while doing Go Sewa in looking after their own cows. In this manner these centers can also be an integral part of 'Angan Wari" Central Govt. scheme, and an excellent platform for the Women Self Help Groups. Training of the Youth in animal husbandry and dairy practices can be also be made a part of the activities of the center. With distance learning open school schemes these centers can thus enhance self employment capability of the rural youth.

Resources Required
Normally in a Cow population under good managed conditions at least one third cows should be wet- giving milk. Maximum one third cows could be dry and needing pre-parturition and post-parturition care. In a village cluster area, having a total population of say 500 cows, a resource center to provide extension services. The number of heifers in a herd of 500 cows could also be about 100. Thus a total care of about 250 cows should be considered. All dry cows of the area can also be accepted for care in the proposed Cow Centers. These cows will be provided with subcutaneous RFID (radio frequency identification devices) for follow up and linkage with the original owners.
These cow centers can be considered for being set up by providing a minimum ten years lease of the available waste lands .

Sustainability/ Support Services

Cow owners will have the first option to redeem their cows after calving from the cow center. These centers should strategically operate as self sustainable stand alone institutions. The commercial working terms can be decided by the individual community leadership.
Govt. establishments and knowledge institutions, will provide initial setting up help, and on regular basis, expert knowledge, training and Veterinary care help as community service.
Initially on about 4 to 5 hectares of waste land sites in a few selected districts such cow care centers can be set up to serve as models. The local rural community leadership, area KVK, Uttaranchal Animal husbandry department, Knowledge institutions like Pant Nagar University, UCOST (Uttaranchal Council of Science and Technology), as they have already shown their interest in these projects, can all play a big role in the successful operation to show a model cow care policy for the entire country to emulate.

Improving Milk Yield of Indian Breeds of Cows and improving the quality of milk of India cows.

Productivity of the Indian breeds of cows has declined progressively in the past mainly due to endemic poverty and inadequate resources in the rural areas. The results have been :-
1. Loss of Pasture lands, due to inadequate care, management and overgrazing.
2. Inappropriate housing and environments, Sanitation, Lack of fresh air,
Inadequate attention to Sunshine, Proper Ventilation, Heat stress, Improper
Bedding conditions.
3. Lack of local availability of good Veterinary health care facilities
4. Inbreeding due to lack of knowledge about ill effects of inbreeding in Cows.
5. No cattle marking and identifications being practiced.
6. Inadequate attention /availability of good breeding bulls,
7. Lack of awareness and availability of Clean/good appropriate quantity of feed
and drinking water,
8. Neglect of adequate feed and care of dry pregnant cows,- Pre partum-post
partum care.
9. Neglect of weaning calves by not providing them with adequate mother's feed.
10. Loving and sensitive comfort care by staff, trained in good cow keeping
practices.

Better attention to these areas along with better breeding practices can in just two to three generations of cows ie. in a span of less than ten years, can show very significant improvements in health and milk productivity of cows even without exotic cross breeding practices.

Improving the Quality of Milk

TMR being replaced with GREEN FORAGE
Dairy practices involving concentrated formulated feeds, TMR (Total Mixed Rations) are now considered to produce poorer quality of milk that is admitted to be the leading cause of many modern diseases. It is now accepted world wide that only Green Forage/ Pasture fed cows provide healthy milk.

CLA& Omega 3

CLA (Conjugated Linoleic Acids) and high Omega3 ALA (Alpha linoleic Acids) contents, are present only in Grass Fed Cows' milk. CLA9 ( Conjugated Linoleic Acids), Omega 3 ALA (Alpha linoleic Acid) rich milk is now regarded as the only natural food, which is a preventive as well as a medicine for all the self degenerating diseases in human body namely Obesity, Breast Cancer, Diabetes, Blood pressure, Alzheimer, Osteoporosis etc.
Only natural Vitamin D enabling milk is obtained from grass fed cow by the exposure of cows to sunshine. Vitamins A, D, E and K being fat soluble, only when accompanied with CLA and Omega 3 lipids, provide the nutritive functions for the human body in natural form.
Minerals in human diets, also depend on the presence of these high quality lipids for best nutritive assimilation in human body. For instance it is now being recognized that Calcium can not be metabolized in human body in absence of minimum quantity of lipids. Calcium tablets with synthetic Vitamin D are a very big business, but of doubtful utility.
This type of good milk has been found in cows which move about in the open Sunshine and feed on Green Forage, and Algae. New Zealand earns 40% of its foreign trade revenue by selling such milk only.

A1A2 Milk

NZ scientists have discovered that milk of most of Bos Taurus breeds designated as A1 milk, undergoing human digestive process, fractures in to a 7 element peptide designated, BCM7 (Beta Casomorphin 7). BCM7 is an opioid linked to many human diseases from Autism and Diabetes type 1 in infants to Heart troubles, Cancer, Diabetes Alzheimer etc in adults. Only milk of Bos Indicus cows designated as A2 milk is found to be benign.
For India, which has the world's largest population of Bos Indicus cows, this is a very significant finding. This also confirms the ancient Indian views, about importance of milk from Indian breeds of cows.
NZ scientists have by promoting A2 milk designated milk and have added one more dimension to 'good' milk concept. In coming days all good milk will be milk of 'A2 type' and from Green Forage fed Bos Indicus Cows. ( Jersey, Guernsey and Icelandic Cows are also known to have A2 milk)

In a way this suggests a very promising future for the cows of rural India, as more than 80% of Indian cows are Bos Indicus. Thus it becomes very important for us in India to find ways to provide Green Forage to cows in our country to increase both the productivity and the quality of their milk.

PROBIOTICS

The world dairies are aiming at shifting, all their milk production to high quality Organic, Probiotic Milk and milk products. We need to remind ourselves here that the entire original Indian Cow's milk was based on free Pasture feeding and was the best product. Modern dairy science is gradually only now, waking up to this fact. Even the importance of consuming Raw Unpasteurized milk which we in India used to call Dharoshna is now being reestablished.
These are the commercial aspects of challenge; we in India should visualize in the future world milk market.

Alternatives to Pasture Lands

Only well managed Pasture lands can ensure supply of such good quality healthy milk. India has little chance of generating adequate pastures for producing good quality milk. In India, with growing population pressure, there is little possibility of developing any Pastures. Fodder growing on farm land is also considered an uneconomical land use. Innovative technological interventions and some lateral thinking on cattle feed strategies, suggest a starting point..

Hydroponics Fodder:

Growing of Hydroponics fodder ( Soil less controlled environment) 1000Kg per day requires just 30 sq meters of space, which means 300 times higher productivity from land. Irrigation water needs for hydroponics fodder growing are similarly very small being only 4% of water required in conventional fodder growing. All coarse grains/ grasses can be sprouted and fed along with their root mass as sprouted grains and about 200 cms long green grass. Hydroponics feed is considered three times more nutritive than just conventional green fodder. The sprouted grains as an alternative enhance the nutritive value of dry concentrated feeds. This practice has been very well researched and used since 1960s by the pioneering work Dr Murray Smith of Lambert Canada for race horse keepers.
Hydroponics for cattle, is now a very well established strategy in Australia, New Zealand, Israel and USA etc.

By modern innovative technology, Hydroponic Fodder can be considered to bring Pastures to our cows instead of our cows going to Pastures. A Green Forage Feed mix can be designed for Indian conditions. Hydroponics Fodder can be planned to provide say up to 12/15 Kg or more of sprouted coarse grain, about 200 cms high Green fodder as feed for a cow.
Hydroponic Fodder is Organic
Hydroponics fodder is Organic, pesticide/disease free. Hydroponics fodder consisting of sprouted grains, is also of very high digestibility, is rich in minerals and vitamins. Live fresh green feed also provides metabolically high energy instead of cut dead dry silage and solid/coarse grounded grain feeds. Hydroponics Fodder has extremely high digestibility also as compared to other feed formulations.
Hydroponics Fodder in Uttaranchal
.
A Hydroponics chamber to suit Uttaranchal working can be very easily placed in our proposed cow care centers in Uttaranchal. In fact UCOST and Swami ji at Parmarth Niketan have been in the past many years showing their interest in Hydroponics Fodder for Uttaranchal. It may not be out of place to mention that an imported Hydroponics Fodder unit 'FOMETA' was obtained for cattle breeding farm at Gopeshwar Chamoli in May 1988. This unit had very successfully produced 1000 kg on daily basis of Green fodder for nearly three years, till for legal considerations the operation of this chamber had to be discontinued on an all India basis.
Today after twenty years the technology has made great progress. The Uttaranchal climate is extremely suitable for Hydroponics Fodder production. There is no need to import any Hydroponics Devices for India.
The operation of the Hydroponics Chamber requires a relatively more skill full handling. In these Cow Care Centers, it will be quite feasible to successfully operate and demonstrate the usefulness of Hydroponics Fodder as a cost effective modern cow nutrition technology intervention.

2.Moringa Oleifera, Leucaena, Mulberry, Oak : Use of leaves of such perennial trees are known to provide very good nutrition for cows. No effort has been made in India for harvesting the leaves of these perennial trees by intensive cultivation and coppicing of these trees. Green fodder harvest of 650 tons/hectare has been reported from Moringa plantations. ( Dr Martin L Price, Echo technical notes The Moringa Tree 2007) This is nearly three times higher than the best managed fodder production from land by intensive technical inputs.( Fodder and fodder grasses of India by Dr Punjab Singh). About 6 to 10 Kg of these green leaves can be added to supplement the green forage feed of our cows. Suitability and palatability of Moringa leaf fodder is well researched documented and established. (Effect of feeding different levels of Moringa Oleifera to creole dairy cows on intake, digestibility, milk production and composition, Nadir Reyes Sanchez, Eva Sporndly, Inger Lesdin)

3. Marine source feed. For ALA Omega3 in Milk, a Marine source feeds are also considered desirable. Fish meal additives to cow feed, have been suggested by cattle nutritionists. Cow is a herbivore and the long term effects of fish meal additives to cow feed may not be very different than the previously experienced strategies which resulted in Mad Cow Disease. As a herbal alternative Azolla and similar algae should be given a consideration. In south India Azolla has been found easy, more productive and efficient to produce as a fodder crop in shallow ponds. Algae Marine plants about two to three kg per cow as supplementary feed has been tried on cows in South India and is known to improve milk yields. Azolla and similar BGA ( Blue Green Algae) have shown very high yield potentials. According to South Indian users it is reported that 770 tons/year of Azolla can be harvested in one hectare space.

4.Roughage Bhoosa feed : Bhoosa up to about 2 to 3 kg per cow, with above green forage can become a complete balanced feed for our cows.

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Labels: GouSewa Uttarakhand Family cow

rajendra P.Arya

निवेदन है

निवेदन है कि उपरोक्त टिप्पणी मे सुबोधजी के लेख को कोपी किया गया है और यह लेख "विषय"
गौवँश से आर्थिक वृद्धि से मेल नही खाती लगता है ये उनके लिये है जो अमेरिकन गाय के दूध का
सेवन करते हैं ।

धन्यवाद
शुभेच्छु:

राजेन्द्र आर्य‌

Buffalo Milk Vs. Cow Milk No

Buffalo Milk Vs. Cow Milk
No difference in nutritive value: There is practically no difference in the nutritive value and digestibility of milk and milk products obtained from cow and buffalo milks.

Lower cholesterol content: Significantly, cholesterol content of buffalo milk is 0.65 mg/g as compared to the corresponding value of 3.14 mg/g for cow milk.

More proteins: Animal bioassays have shown the Protein Efficiency Ratio (PER) value of buffalo milk proteins to be 2.74 and that of cow milk as 2.49. It will be seen that buffalo milk has about 11.42 per cent higher protein than cow milk.

More important minerals: Buffalo milk is also superior to cow milk in terms of important minerals, namely calcium, iron and phosphorus which are higher by 92 per cent, 37.7 per cent and 118 per cent respectively than those present in cow milk.

More vitamin A: Buffalo metabolizes all the carotein into vitamin A, which is passed on to milk as such.

More viable commercially: Buffalo milk is commercially more viable than cow milk for the manufacture of fat-based and SNF-based milk products, such as butter, ghee and milk powders because of its lower water content and higher fat content. Most significantly, the lower cholesterol value should make it more popular in the health conscious market. By the virtue of greater opacity of casein miscelles, coupled with higher levels of colloidal proteins, calcium and phosphorus, buffalo milk is more densely white and has superior whitening properties as compared to cow milk. Therefore, unlike the cow milk (which is pale-creamish yellow in color) and cow milk fat (which is golden yellow in color), buffalo milk is distinctively whiter. UHT-processed buffalo milk and cream are intrinsically whiter and more viscous than their cow milk counterparts, because of conversion of greater levels of calcium and phosphorus into the colloidal form. Buffalo milk is, therefore, more aptly suitable for the production of tea and coffee whiteners than cow milk.Higher innate levels of proteins and fat render buffalo milk a more economical alternative to cow milk for the production of casein, caseinates, whey protein concentrates and a wide range of the fat-rich dairy products.
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Better whey proteins: Proteins of buffalo milk, particularly the whey proteins, are more resistant to heat denaturation as compared to the cow milk proteins. Dried milk products prepared from buffalo milk exhibit higher levels of undenatured proteins when processed under similar conditions. In general, the reconstitution behavior of dried milk products made from buffalo milk is indistinguishable from those made from cow milk. However, dried buffalo milk may be preferred over dried cow milk for those technological applications where higher levels of undenatured whey proteins would be more desirable.
Better cheese: Cheese made from buffalo milk displays typical body and textural characteristics. More specifically, where chewing and stringing properties are specially desired as in the case of Mozzarella cheese, buffalo milk is technologically preferable over cow milk. In Italy, recently legislation has been introduced to restrict use of term "Mozzarella" only to those products exclusively made from buffalo milk (without admixture with cow milk). Certain traditional cheese varieties, such as paneer in India or pickled cheeses from the Middle-East countries, are best made from buffalo milk.

Better health foods: The presence of higher levels of various bioprotective factors, such as immunoglobulins, lactoferrin, lysozyme, lactoperoxidase as well as bifidogenic factors, render buffalo milk more suitable than cow milk for the preparation of a wide range of special dietary and health foods.