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कृण्वन्तो विश्वमार्यम्

“Janmanaa Jaayate Shoodrah” - जन्मना जायते शूद्रः ‍ - Swami Muneeshwaraananda

“Janmanaa Jaayate Shoodrah” - जन्मना जायते शूद्रः
(By: Late Swami Muneeshwaraananda Saraswati)

जन्मना जायते शूद्रः । (स्कन्द पुराण०, नागर खण्ड अ० २३९ श्लो० ३१)

According to this statement of Skand Puraan, we can say that the Pauraanic principle is that by birth all are Shoodras. Means the boys and the girls born in the families of Braahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya or Shoodra - all are 'Shoodras' by birth. This is what is said in the above quoted statement of Skand Puraan.

Moreover, this is also a Pauraanic principle:
स्त्रीशूद्रद्विजबन्धूनां त्रयी न श्रुतिगोचरा । (श्रीमद् भागवत पु० स्कं० १ अ० ४२ श्लो० १५)

Its meaning as per Gorakhapur publication is as under:

Woman, Shoodra and Patit (fallen) Dvijaati – these three are not entitled to hear the Vedas.

Forget about the study of the Vedas, in the this statement of Bhaagawat Puraan the Shoodras are not considered entitled even for to hear the Vedas.

And it is also written in the Skand Puraan that:
वेदोच्चारणमात्रेण क्षत्रियैर्धर्मपालकैः ।
जिह्वाछेदोऽस्य कर्त्तव्यः शूद्रस्येति विनिश्चयः ॥
(स्कन्द पु० आ० ख० रे० खं० अ० २०० श्लो० ६)

In this statement of Skand Puraan it is mentioned to cut the tongue of the Shoodra who pronounces the Vedas.

Now, as per the above referred first evidence of Skand Puraan, each and every Pauraanic so-called Braahmana is also “Shoodra by birth”. Then being Shoodra by birth he is also not entitled for sacred thread as well as for the study and hearing of the Vedas – being Shoodra by birth. Since in the Pauraanic tradition, there has been no right for Shoodra to have sacred thread and to study and to hear the Vedas, all the so-called Pauraanic Braahmanas should stand up in the row of the Shoodras, putting aside their sacred threads and leaving the Ved-paath; and the Kshatriyas should cut off the tongues of those so-called Braahmans as a punishment for the offense of pronouncing the Vedas!

If you say that in the statement of Skand Puraan "जन्मना जायते शूद्रः संस्काराद्विज उच्यते", it is believed to be “Dvija” (i.e. Twice-born) by means of Sanskaar, therefore after taking sacred thread all can become Dwijas; then we say that performance of Sanskaar (rites or sacrament) is made possible only when in your opinion the Shoodras are allowed to initiate for the sacrament of Sacred thread. When you are also “Shoodras by birth” as per the above said provision of जन्मना जायते शूद्रः of the Skand Puraan, then even for you also neither the sacrament of sacred thread nor the study of the Vedas is permissible. And if according to the statement संस्काराद्विज उच्यते of Skand Puraan, a son of a Pauraanic Braahman, who is in fact a “Shoodra by birth”, can be Dwij by means of the Sanskaar (sacrament), then the same thing can be equally applied to the son of a Shoodra also and he can also similarly be the Dwij by means of the same Sanskaar (sacrament). You can't prevent him becoming a Dwij, because the son of a Brahmana is also a “Shoodra by birth” and the son of a Shoodra is also a “Shoodra by birth”. Both are “Shoodras by birth” as per the Skand Puraan. So in the sight of the Shaastra, all Shoodras are equal or at par. Therefore, if by means of samskaar (sacrament) the status and quality of Dwij (i.e. Dwijatva) could be acquired, it would be equally acquirable in both the cases; and if it could not be acquired that way, then it could not be acquired in any case.

Thus, the referred evidence of the Skand Puraan strongly condemns the popular belief of so-called Sanaatan dharma or Pauraanics that “the divisions of Braahman, Shoodra etc. are birth-based”. On the contrary, it very generously gives the right of attainment of “Dwijatva” through sanskaar (sacrament) to one and all – entire mankind. This is the reason why Pauraanic Pandits finding this statement "जन्मना जायते शूद्रः संस्काराद्विज उच्यते" of Skand Puraan going against their belief, try in vain to get rid of it by saying that this statement is a creation of some Arya Samaji scholar. But this only illustrates their lack of knowledge about the Puraans.

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Author: Swami Muneeshwaraananda ji Saraswati
Source: "Shankaa-Samaadhaana", a Hindi book
Publishers: Shree Ghudamal Prahalaad Kumar Arya Dharmaarth Nyaas - Hindon City, Rajasthan (India)
Edition: 2006
Note: The above article is given on page no. 177 and 178 in the above book.
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‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍[Translated from original Hindi and presented here for the perusal of sensible readers by: Bhavesh Merja]

If we practically look into

If we practically look into it, it is a fact that some children are born with distinct qualities or Samskaras, while others have a varied degree of good samskaras. As the human race is the ladder for the upliftment of the soul, Samskaras give it a way to achieve this. Considering these aspects, both the above shlokas of Puranas, appear to be faulty and hence require to be discarded.
I think by birth no designaion can be asserted on a child, till it shows its qualitis or capability or the inborn desires that are prominent in him/her. Hence all children must be treated at par till they are selected for a particular Varna, which they charish most
Hindus must respect the natural laws, while they follow the religeous texts.

Thanks Adarniya Merja ji

Anand