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कृण्वन्तो विश्वमार्यम्

Lectures or sermons etc. in Yajna?

Lectures or sermons etc. in Yajna?

(For the kind consideration of the sensible followers of Arya Samaj and Maharshi Dayananda)

Late Swami Vidyananda Saraswati (earlier known as Principal Laxmidatta Dixit) was a famous and learned author of Arya Samaj. He has written a Hindi book named “Sanskaar-Bhaaskar” in which Maharshi Dayananda’s famous book “Sanskaar-Vidhi” (i.e. code of Aryan rituals and sacraments) has been explained in detail.

On page no. 29 of this book Swami Vidyananda writes as follows:

"The verses (mantras) pronounced in Yajna are words and Vaani (speech) of the Supreme Brahman (Ishwar). Here (during yajna) only those are to be uttered.

It is written in Gobhil Grihya Sutra (1.6.18): माऽयज्ञियं वाचं वदेत् = in yajna don’t use a-yajneeya (= inappropriate for yajna) speech or common speech.

There is an order for Brahmaa (= one of the four Ritvijs or priests of the yajna, expert in Atharva-veda): (Yajurveda: 23.25): ब्रह्मन् मा त्वं वदो बहु = O Brahman! Don’t speak much (during yajna).

In Shatapath Brahman ( it is written: स वै वाचंयम एव स्यात् = He (i.e. Brahmaa) should sit silently.

Then what has he to do?

Grihya Sutras order: भाषेत यज्ञसंसिद्धिम् (Gobhil Grihya Sutra: 1.6.17) = If Hotaa (one of the four Ritvijs or priests of the yajna, expert in Rigveda) does any thing wrong or improper, then the Brahmaa would just instruct him.

And while giving such indispensable instructions also he (Brahmaa) wouldn’t make use of the common human language or speech - व्युद्धं वै तद्यज्ञस्य यन्मानुषं नेद्व्यृद्धं यज्ञे करवाणीति (Shatapath Braahman: Otherwise, दक्षिणतोऽग्नेरुदङ् मुखस्तूष्णीमास्ते ब्रह्मा आहोमात् = he is supposed to remain silent, sitting in the south of the yajna-kund keeping his face towards North, supervising the performance of yajna till its completion.

The author of ‘Samskar-Vidhi’ (i.e. Swami Dayananda) has also written in the interpretation of भवतन्नः समनसौ० (Yajurveda:5.3): that “Those yajnas should be free from the usage of the language of common people.

It is very clear from the above evidences of the Shastras (scriptures) that in yajna speaking or talking in the ordinary language is not at all permissible. Even Brahmaa is not allowed to give lecture or sermon when the yajna is going on.

Therefore, in yajna nothing apart from the prescribed actions, should be allowed in between. No brief clarifying lecture or sermon or a prayer-song or a poetry, etc in between the yajna should be allowed. In no form ordinary human speech should be used during the yajna.

Violation of this scriptural rule or arrangement would turn the yajna in to some sort of entertainment, and the seriousness of the ceremony or ritual would be diminished.

Yes, after completion of the yajna, we can have suitable lecture or sermon or prayer-song etc. appropriate to the dignity of the yajna."

Bhavesh Merja