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कृण्वन्तो विश्वमार्यम्

God and the Vedas (Excerpts from Satyarth Prakash- English Translations) (2)

*** AUM *** ओउम् *** AUM *** ओउम् *** AUM *** ओउम् *** AUM *** ओउम् *** AUM *** ओउम् ***

Swamiji again quotes fram the Rig Veda the following three hymns. -

"God tells the people -
I have been existing even before the cosmos came in to being. I am the Lord of this universe. I am the eternal cause of this creation. I control the wealth of the world. I gift it away generously. All beings look at me for help and like children addressing their parents, they should ask me for favours. I distribute all kinds of food to all, so that they may live well fed."

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"I am the most powerful, and like the sun I illuminate the entire creation. I am never vanquished. Neither I die, I am iternal. I am the creator of all wealth, which you see in the form of universe. Know me as the creator of the entire universe. While continuing your efforts to grow prosperous and mighty, ask of Me for knowledge and do not be drawn away from my friendship."

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"He who offers prayers to Me by speaking what is truth always, is blessed by Me, with precious knowledge of eternal truths. I am Brahma- I reveal the Vedas. The Vedas reveal Me in my true form. Through the Vedas,I spread knowledge, I induce the virtuous to right action. I reward those who perform Yagnas - good deeds. I am the creator and sustainer of all that is menifest. Therefore never, never forsake my protection and worship any any entity other than Myself. Never repose faith nor recognise anything else as God."

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a hymn in YajurVeda -

"oh, you man ! Worship Him only, the Blissful Lord.
The Lord existed before creation. He is the creator and the supporter of all the luminous bodies like the sun etc. He has been, is and shall ever be the Lord of all that has been, is and will be created. Right from the earth to the Sun, whatever exists is created and sustained by Him only.

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Q.) You talk of God, But how do you prove His existance ?

A.) By the evidences of direct cognition, Inference, Testimony and History.

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Q. But there can be no evidence of direct cognition, with regard to God?

A.) A.) Swamiji refers to Gautam Maharshi's Nyaya Darshan

"The knowledge which is the result of the direct contact of the five senses - optic, auditory, olfactory, gustatory and tactile - and of the mind, with light, sound , smell, taste and touch; with feelings of pleasure and pain, truth and untruth is called direct cognition. But this knowledge must be free from error and doubt". Niyaya Shastra 1,4.

On reflection it will be clear that it is only attributes that can be known through the senses and the mind, not substances, in which those qualities inhere. As for example, we are cognizant of a solid substance when it gives rise to the sensations of touch, smell, etc., by coming in contact without four senses, such as the tactile sense, and the senses with the mind, and the latter with the soul; similarly we are cognizant of the existence of God by observing such qualities as design and intelligence in this world.

Besides, instantly the soul directs the mind and the latter directs the senses to the pursuit of a certain object either good - such as acts that promote public welfare - or bad such as theft, they all incline to the desired object and at that very moment, feelings of fear, shame , and distrust arise in the self consciousness if the action be sinful, and those of fearlessness, courage, and satisfaction of felicity, if it be good; these feelings are prompted not by the human soul, but by the Divine Spirit.

Lastly when the soul, freed from all impurities, devotes itself to the contemplation and realization of God through Yoga, it becomes cognizant of both - itself and the Divine Spirit. When we can be directly cognizant of the existence of God how can there be any doubt. His existence by inference and other evidence, because the cause is inferred from its effects.

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(Courtesy- "MAHARSHI DAYANAND's SATYARTH PRAKASH" As translated by Sh Vande Matharam Ramachandra Rao & from Arya Samaj Jam Nagar)