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कृण्वन्तो विश्वमार्यम्

God and the Vedas (Excerpts from Satyarth Prakash- English Translations) (4)

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Q. Has God a form or is He formless?

A.- He is formless, because if He possesses a form He could never be Omnipresent. And if He is not Omnipresent then He can't be Omniscient. Now a finite substance can possess only finite attributes, actions and nature, besides, it will be exposed to heat, cold, hunger, thirst, disease, imperfections and infirmities too, hence it confirms that God is formless, since He is All pervading and Omniscient and is infinite.
Assuming He has a form, then He must possess both sense and functionary organs, like eyes, ears nose etc., and hands and feet etc. The fact if true, - that of His possessing such organs - will necessarily lead us to the conclusion that there exists some agency which can make all these for Him. Things which come into being as a consequence of a combination suggest the existence of some sentinent agency to make such a combination possible.. Here if it be urged that God Himself made His own body simply by willing it, this too goes to prove that He was formless before He made His body. It is clear, therefore, that God is never embodied. Being without a body He is able to make the visible universe out of invisible causes.


Q. Is God All-powerful or not?

A.- Yes, He is, but what you understand by the word All-powerful is not right. It really means that God does not require the least assistance from any person in all His works such as Creation, Sustenance and Dissolution of the Universe, and administration of Divine Justice. In other words, He does all His works with His own infinite power.


Q. But we believe that God can do whatever He likes. There is no one above Him.

A.- What does He like? If you say that he likes and can do all things, we ask - "Can God kill Himself?" Or "can He make other Gods like Himself, become ignorant, commit sins such as theft, adultery and the like? Or can He be unhappy?" Your answer can only be in the negative, as these things are opposed to the nature and attributes of God; hence your contention, that God can do all things, does not hold good. Our meaning only, therefore, of the word All-powerful is true.


Q.Is God Anadi or Sadi i.e., is He beginningless or has a beginning ?

A.- He is Anadi,i.e., Beginningless that has no cause and no beginning.


Q. What does God desire?

A.- The good of all, and the happiness of all, but He does not, enslave or wrest the freedom of any body, without any proper cause and at his sweet will.


Q. Should we glorify God, pray to Him and commune with Him?

A.- Yes, We should.


Q. Will God by one's doing so suspend His laws, and forgive the sins of His devotees?

A. No.


Q. Why should we then sing praises in His honour or worship God at all ?

A. Its object is altogether different from the one you mention.


Q. What is it?

A.- Glorification gives rise to love of the Supreme Being, reformation of one's nature, character and attributes in accordance with the nature, attributes, and character of God. Prayer creates humility, courage, and obtains divine help. Communion results in union with the Great Being and in direct cognition of HIm.


(Courtesy- "MAHARSHI DAYANAND's SATYARTH PRAKASH" translations by Sh Vande Matharam Ramachandra Rao & from Arya Samaj Jam Nagar)